Skip to main content

Citation Assistance Resource Guide: Home


Citing Sources - What Does It Mean?

When your instructor indicates that you should cite your sources for an assigned research paper, he or she is talking about a two-part process:

  1. Inserting internal documentation, which is how you tell the reader where you found the information that you are discussing in a certain section of your paper, and;

  2. Listing the information for the sources you are using at the end of the paper. Providing accurate information here will allow your readers to refer back to your sources if they would like additional information. Depending on the writing style you are using, this list of sources may be referred to as your “Works Cited,” References,” or “Bibliography” page.

Internal Documentation

The method you use for documenting information within your paper will depend on the style that your instructor has asked you to use. Because the most commonly-used styles at our college are MLA, APA, and Chicago, those are the styles we will focus on in this resource guide.  Whether you are using direct quotes or paraphrasing your information, you must include documentation for where the information originated.  If the information is “common knowledge,” or knowledge that others already know or can easily find, you do not need to cite it.  Examples of how to document within your paper, as well as source lists for the citation styles mentioned above are included as separate tabbed pages within this guide.  Please remember that assistance is always available from the Brish Library or the Learning Support Center if you have specific questions.

Contact the Library

Library Information Desk

Ask A Librarian
Use the Ask A Librarian page to email a reference question directly to the library staff to receive an answer by the next business day!

follow me on facebook

Library Hours

Regular Hours
  • Monday - Thursday: 8:30 a.m. - 7 p.m.
  • Friday: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
  • Closed Saturdays and Sundays

Winter Break Hours

  • December 17-20: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
  • December 21:  8:30 a.m. to noon
  • December 22 to January 1: Closed
  • January 2-4: 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

New Hours Effective January 7, 2019

  • Monday - Thursday 8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
  • Friday 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
  • Closed Saturdays and Sundays

Citation Styles

The links below provide specific information for the citation styles used at Hagerstown Community College:

APA Citation Style

Chicago Citation Style

MLA Citation Style