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Citation Assistance Resource Guide: Print Examples & Reference Formatting

When you are citing sources from print resources instead of online sources, they ending citations will look very similar but without the access links. Take a look at the examples below for the most popular print resources

Formatting your references can be tricky, so make sure to take a look at the general guidelines listed on this page to help you create the best citations. 

Print ExamplesReference Formatting 

Print Resources

Print Journal Article 


Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Date. Article title: article subtitle. Journal Title (abbreviated). Volume(issue): page numbers


Mazan MR, Hoffman AM. 2001. Effects of aerosolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds. Am J Vet Res. 62(11):1812–1817.



Author AA. Year. Book Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher.


Martin JH, Waldren RP, Stamp DJ. 2006. Principles of field crop production. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River (NJ): Pearson Prentice Hall.

Book Chapter


Author(s). Year. Chapter title. Book title. Place of publication: publisher. Page numbers for that chapter.


Allen, C. 2007. Bacteria, bioterrorism, and the geranium ladies of Guatemala. Wages of empire: neoliberal policies, repression, and women’s poverty. Boulder (CO): Paradigm Press. p. 169-177.

Newspaper Article


Author AA. Title of article. Title of Newspaper (edition). Section: beginning page of article (column no.)


Weiss, R. 2003 April 11. Study shows problems in cloning people: researchers find replicating primates will be harder than other mammals. Washington Post (Home Edition). Section: A:12 (column 1). 

The Reference List is a complete list of all the sources you have used in your research paper, and will appear on a separate page at the end of your paper. Use the guidelines below to help you create your End References page in the correct format. Take a look at the PDF below for an example of how a finished End References Page should look. 

Formatting References

General Formatting for End References

Basics to keep in mind:

1.  Always list the author's names in a citation by last name followed by their capitalized initials. 

2. The End References List is organized alphabetically by author's last name. 

3. Multiple sources with the same author will be organized alphabetically, and then chronologically by publication date. 

4. Only the first word and any pronouns in a title are capitalized. 

5. Titles are not italicized. 

Citing sources with 2-10 authors: Name each author, separating each name with a comma 

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, Author GG, Author HH, Author II, Author JJ.

Citing sources with more than 10 authors: List up to 10 names, followed by "et al."

Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, Author GG, Author HH, Author II, Author JJ, et al.

Citing sources with no author: Start the citation with the publication's title

Citing Sources with a corporate author: List the corporation's abbreviation in brackets, followed by the full name of the company. List citations alphabetically by the corporation's full name, not the acronym. In-text citations may use the acronym. 

[ALSG] Advanced Life Support Group. 2001. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London (England): BMJ Books.


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